59 notecards = 15 pages (4 cards per page)
What are Freud's Stages called?
What are Piaget's stages focus?
At ____ to ____ infants can perform a desired activity that will produce a result.
4-8 months, secures object by pulling on a string.
What is Erikson's stages called?
What is the infant's age group?
birth to 12 months of age
What is Erikson's stage for infants?
trust vs. mistrust
Infant's trust that their needs will be met? What are examples?
Feedings, diaper changes, comfort, stimulatin
What is the single most important element in developing trust for an infant?
consistency in caregivers, infants love routines!
An infant should have no head lag by?
Infants should have developed pincer grasp by?
11 months of age
By __ months, infants can voluntarily grasp an object
Infants should be able to roll over from abdomen to back at what month?
Weight gain for infants?
Gain 5-7 oz weekly for the first 6 months, weight should double by 5 months, and triple by 1 year
When does the posterior fontanel close?
When does the anterior fontanel close?
At ____ months an infant can say 3-5 words.
By ____ months infants take delliberate steps.
By _____ months infant walk with 1 hand held, and sit down from standing position without help.
What stage of Freud is the toddler in?
oral stage until 18 months, then anal phase - child's pleasure/focus on on eliminating or retaining feces.
At age 2-4 what are they like with toys?
Possessive over toys, use the words mine
What stage is a toddler in for Erikson?
Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
Toddler enters the world of NO NO NO
Gender identity is developed by age
When assessing a child what is important regarding play?
Provide toys and activities to express feelings, let them hold and touch equipment
Gross motor milestones of a toddler are?
Walk without help, creep up stairs
What stage is a preschooler in for freud?
phallic stage, pleasure area is genitals
What is the cognitive behavior like regarding piaget for preschoolers?
MAGICAL THINKING, Very literal!
What stage is a preschooler in for Erikson?
Initiative vs. guilt
What kind of play does a preschooler do?
What is the age for school age?
What is the importance of privacy for school age?
Provide gowns and covers, knock before entering
Is a school age a magical thinker?
NO, understant now
What Erikson stage is a school age?
Industry vs. inferiority
What kind of play does a school age use?
What is the adolescent age group?
What is the Erikson stage for adolescents?
Identity vs. Confusion
What is the CRIES Scale use for?
Neonates and infants 0-12 months (0-10)
When do use the FLACC pain scale?
2 months -7 years (0-10 months) - Must be able to communicate pain level
When do you use the Faces Scale?
3 and up
Oucher pain scale?
3-12 (No hurt to biggest hurt)
Numeric pain scale?
5 and up
Non-opioids used for mild to moderate pain
tylenol, ibuprofen, NSAIDS
Opioids use for moderate to severe pain?
hydromorphone, fentanyl, morphine
When do you give hep B vaccine?
birth, 1-2 months, 6-18 months
When do you give the rotavirus vaccine?
2, 4, 6 months
When do you give the DTaP vaccine?
2, 4, 6, 15-18, 4-6, 11-12 years and every 10 years
When do you give the haemophilus influenza type B (Hib)?
2, 4, 6, 12-15
When do you give pneumococcal conjugate vaccine? PCV
2, 4, 6, 12-15
When do yo give Flu vaccine?
6 months, then yearly
When do you give MMR?
11-12 years 3 dose series
What is a contraindication to a live virus vaccine?
recently acquired passive immunity
What are the live vaccines?
MMR and varicella
When are Varicella and MMR contraindicated?
hypersensitivity to neomycin or gelatin
When is influenza vaccine contraindicated?
known egg or chicken protein allergy
When is DTAP contraindicated?
known gelatin allergy
What vaccines are given SQ?
MMR and varicella
How is rotovirus given?