AHIS II Final
Pieter Claesz, Vanitas, Still Life, 1630, Oil on panel
-Dutch, small paint
-Momento morie: everything looks frozen
-Illusion into reality
Rubens, Elevation of the Cross, 1610, Oil on wood
-Baroque - strong diagonal lines
-Superhero Jesus, dramatic biblical stories
-Undulating bodies, exertion, strain (weeping women)
Rubens, Consequences of War, 1638-39, oil on wood
-Mars abducting Venus, allegory of religion + war
-Light and dark; chaotic war
-Large, bombastic (baroque)
-Allegory = burned alive people
Rembrandt, Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632, oil on canvas
-Graphic, group portrait popular in Holland (socialists)
-Realist portrait, not allowed in catholic countries
-Science and rationality
-Some figures look at us, each other, to include is
Jacob van Ruisdel, View of Harlem, 1670, oil on canvas
-Minimization of religion in horizon
-It's all about work (windmill = industry)
-Great unknown with large sky
Vermeer, Allegory of the Art of Painting, 1670-75, oil on canvas
-Literally shows artist painting muse of history
-Holland map showing independence
-Picture within picture (curtain pulled back)
Vermeer, Woman Holding a Balance, 1664, oil on canvas
-Moral message = spiritual piety, good judgement
-Minimization of religion
-Stylistic = repousse
-Soft, diffused light, rejects mirror because it's pius
Rigaud, Louis XIV, 1701, oil on canvas
-Baroque-style opulence, visual richness
-Use of blue = luxury, gold
-Fashion + gender: men aren't objectified
-Septer is a phallic object
Masart, Le Brun, and Le Nôtre, The Palace of Versailles, begun 1669, mixed architectural media and gardens.
Nicolas Poussin, Et in Arcadia Ego, 1655, Oil on Canvas.
-Shepards = first artists tracing shadow
-Momento moire = we all die
Claude Lorrain, Landscape with Cattle and Peasants, 1629, Oil on canvas.
-Soft, incipient rococo but it's Baroque
-Man is primitive
-Man is swallowed by nature
Louis Le Nain, Family of Country People, 1640, Oil on canvas.
-Peasant wars, last supper dinner - somber
-Patriarch: blood of Jesus (candle = light of Christ)
-Muddy, realist tone
-Christian mass feel - humble
Watteau, Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717, Oil on canvas.
-Lovely revery, daydream of love
-Phallic shaped feminine (Herm?)
-Sad, leaving paradise, Rococo
Boucher, Cupid a Captive, 1754, Oil on canvas.
-Rococo, powerful females, feminine (rosy cheeks, naked, etc)
Fragonard, The Swing, 1766, Oil on canvas.
Chardin, Saying Grace, 1740, Oil on canvas.
-Femininity: humbly raising children
-Faithfulness towards God, humble middle class
-Quiet feminine raising children, acknowledging higher being
Angelica Kauffman, Cornelia Presenting Her Children, 1785.
Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784, Oil on canvas.
-Neoclassical, pendulum (body -> structure)
-Men compared to women
Thomas Jefferson, Monticello, Charlottesville, VA, 1770-1806, Brick and wood.
-Greek order, style indicated freedom
Gros, Napoleon at the Plague House at Jaffa, 1804, Oil on canvas.
-Figures arranged on horizontal lines
-Middleeast makes Frenchmen melt (sick desire = mad)
-Propaganda, figures of madness, European vs Other with Euro becoming other
Ingres, Grande Odalisque, 1814, Oil on canvas.
Goya, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, 1798, Etching and aquatint.
-Scholar fell asleep, sleep creates reason
-Lie to enlightenment, worst war, famine
Goya, Third of May, 1808, 1814-15, Oil on canvas.
-Romantic, painter sides with the people - gory, violent, stress
-Pathos, empathy, Christlike figures
Gericault, Raft of the Medusa, 1818-19, Oil on canvas.
-Leaving people off the coast of Africa
-Cannibalism, white ghostly figures and corpses
-Romanticism, reaction against high Renaissance
Delacroix, The Death of Sardanapalus, 1827, Oil on canvas.
-Orientalism, men assaulting white women
Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830, Oil on canvas.
Caspar David Friedrich, Abbey in the Oak Forest, 1810, Oil on canvas.
-We are nothing in the face of nature
-Hope in horizon
Turner, The Slave Ship, 1840, Oil on canvas.
-Scene of brutality, chaos, nature used to key it up
-Anti-classical, straight line of ship going down
Courbet, The Stonebreakers, 1848, Oil on canvas.
-Working class age, rough labor and how to deal with workers rights (socialist revolution)
-Style matched subject matter, people who build society are faceless
Life-sized picture of people at a burial
Courbet, The Burial at Ornans, 1848-51, Oil on canvas.
-Funeral - life sized
-Hole in the middle represents you being there
Manet, The Luncheon on the Grass, 1863, Oil on canvas.
-Woman faces us, frustrating our gaze
-It breaks idealism
Manet, Olympia, 1865, Oil on canvas.
-Nude, frustrates our notions
-Woman is wearing shoes
-African maid = both working women