64 notecards = 16 pages (4 cards per page)
A localized group of organisms that belong to the same species is called a
Organisms interact with their environments, exchanging matter and energy. For example, plant chloroplasts convert the energy of sunlight into
The main source of energy for producers in an ecosystem is
Which of the following types of cells utilize deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as their genetic material but do not have their DNA encased within a nuclear envelope?
To understand the chemical basis of inheritance, we must understand the molecular structure of DNA. This is an example of the application of which concept to the study of biology?
Once labor begins in childbirth, contractions increase in intensity and frequency until delivery. The increasing labor contractions of childbirth are an example of which type of regulation?
When the body's blood glucose level rises, the pancreas secretes insulin and, as a result, the blood glucose level declines. When the blood glucose level is low, the pancreas secretes glucagon and, as a result, the blood glucose level rises. Such regulation of the blood glucose level is the result of
Which branch of biology is concerned with the naming and classifying of organisms?
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells generally have which of the following features in common?
Prokaryotes are classified as belonging to two different domains. What are the domains?
Global warming, as demonstrated by observations such as melting of glaciers, increasing CO2 levels, and increasing average ambient temperatures, has already had many effects on living organisms. Which of the following might best offer a solution to this problem?
A water sample from a hot thermal vent contained a single-celled organism that had a cell wall but lacked a nucleus. What is its most likely classification?
A filamentous organism has been isolated from decomposing organic matter. This organism has a cell wall but no chloroplasts. How would you classify this organism?
Which of these provides evidence of the common ancestry of all life?
Which of the following is (are) true of natural selection?
Charles Darwin proposed a mechanism for descent with modification that stated that organisms of a particular species are adapted to their environment when they possess
Which of these individuals is likely to be most successful in an evolutionary sense?
In a hypothetical world, every 50 years people over 6 feet tall are eliminated from the population before they reproduce. Based on your knowledge of natural selection, you would predict that the average height of the human population will
Through time, the lineage that led to modern whales shows a change from four-limbed land animals to aquatic animals with two limbs that function as flippers. This change is best explained by
What is the major difference between a kingdom and a domain?
Which of the following best describes what occurred after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species?
Why is Darwin considered original in his thinking?
Darwin's finches, collected from the Galápagos Islands, illustrate which of the following?
Which of the following categories of organisms is least likely to be revised?
What is the major distinguishing characteristic of fungi?
What are archaea?
According to Darwinian theory, which of the following exhibits the greatest fitness for evolutionary success?
Similarities and differences among/between life-forms over time are most efficiently recorded by scientists in which field(s) of study?
Why is the theme of evolution considered to be the core theme of biology by biologists?
The method of scientific inquiry that describes natural structures and processes as accurately as possible through careful observation and the analysis of data is known as
Collecting data based on observation is an example of ________; analyzing this data to reach a conclusion is an example of ________ reasoning.
When applying the process of science, which of these is tested?
A controlled experiment is one in which
Why is it important that an experiment include a control group?
The application of scientific knowledge for some specific purpose is known as
Which of the following are qualities of any good scientific hypothesis?
When a hypothesis cannot be written in an "If…then" format, what does this mean?
In presenting data that result from an experiment, a group of students show that most of their measurements fall on a straight diagonal line on their graph. However, two of their data points are "outliers" and fall far to one side of the expected relationship. What should they do?
Which of the following is the best description of a control for an experiment?
Given the cooperativity of science, which of the following is most likely to result in an investigator being intellectually looked down upon by other scientists?
Which of these is an example of inductive reasoning?
In a high school laboratory, which of the following constitutes an experiment?
Which of the following best describes a model organism?
Why is a scientific topic best discussed by people of varying points of view, a variety of subdisciplines, and diverse cultures?
The illustration above most probably represents
What do these two plants have in common?
Use the following information to answer questions 47 - 50.
The students decide that for one of their experiments, they want to see whether the organisms can photosynthesize. Which of the following is the best hypothesis?
For their second experiment, the students want to know whether the Dinobryon have to live in colonies or can be free living. How might they proceed?
The students plan to gather data from the project. Which of the following would be the best way to present what they gather from experimental groups as opposed to controls?
The following is a list of biology themes discussed in Chapter 1. Use them to answer questions 51 - 54.
Which theme(s) is/are best illustrated by a group of investigators who are trying to classify and explain the ecology of an area known as the Big Thicket?
Which theme(s) is/are illustrated when a group of students is trying to establish which phase of cell division in root tips happens most quickly?
Which theme(s) is/are illustrated when a biology class is comparing the rates of photosynthesis between leaves of a flowering plant species (Gerbera jamesonii) and a species of fern (Polypodium polypodioides)?
Questions 55 - 64 are from the end-of-chapter "Test Your Understanding" section in Chapter 1 of the textbook.
Which of the following is a correct sequence of levels in life's hierarchy, proceeding downward from an individual animal?
Which of the following is not an observation or inference on which Darwin's theory of natural selection is based?
Systems biology is mainly an attempt to
Protists and bacteria are grouped into different domains because
Which of the following best demonstrates the unity among all organisms?
A controlled experiment is one that
Which of the following statements best distinguishes hypotheses from theories in science?
Which of the following is an example of qualitative data?
Which of the following best describes the logic of scientific inquiry?