A&P Chapter 4 Tissue: The Living Fabric

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Mastering A&P Human Anatomy & Physiology 10th Edition Marieb
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1

The wall of the alveolus (air sac) in the lung is composed of which type of epithelium?

simple squamous epithelium

2

The proximal tubule of the nephron (kidney tubule) in the kidney is composed of which type of epithelium?

simple cuboidal epithelium

3

The epithelium of the esophagus is composed of which type of epithelial tissue?

stratified squamous epithelium

4

Which part of the neuron (a specialized nerve cell) receives signals from other cells and is also the main metabolic region of the neuron?

soma

5

Which of the three muscle cell types has multiple nuclei?

skeletal

6

Which muscle cell type has visible striations but is not under voluntary control?

cardiac

7

Drag the appropriate labels to their respective targets.

card image
8
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What do the glands shown in A and B both have in common?

Both are exocrine glands.

9
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What process is depicted in the basal layer of the glandular epithelium shown in B?

cell division

10

Which of the following epithelial tissue locations is NOT correctly matched to its function?

skin: absorption

11
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Which of the numbered cell types is primarily responsible for producing protein fibers found in connective tissue proper?

2

12
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Which numbered cell type initiates inflammatory responses to infection or tissue damage?

5

13
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Cells 3 and 6 are both classified as ______.

white blood cells

14
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Which of the following statements is NOT characteristic of the areolar connective tissue pictured in the figure?

Areolar connective tissue is avascular.

15
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Which of the following substances would NOT be found in significant amounts in the extracellular matrix of the illustrated areolar connective tissue?

keratin

16

Which of the following increases the surface area of certain epithelial tissues?

microvilli

17

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

Simple cuboidal epithelia are found in areas that stretch.

18

Where is transitional epithelium found?

in areas subjected to stretching

19

________ is a water-soluble, complex glycoprotein that is secreted by goblet cells.

Mucin

20

Which type of epithelium lines the interior of the urinary bladder?

transitional epithelium

21

Which of the following is a single-celled layer of epithelium that forms the lining of serous membranes?

simple squamous

22

Which tissue type arises from all three embryonic germ layers?

epithelial tissue

23

________ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane.

Pseudostratified columnar

24

Goblet cells are found within pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium.

True

25

Merocrine glands produce their secretions by accumulating their secretions internally until the cell ruptures.

False

26

What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels

osseous tissue

27
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Which of the following cellular processes is portrayed in A?

exocytosis

28

Connective tissue matrix is composed of ________.

fibers and ground substance

29

All connective tissues arise from an embryonic tissue called mesenchyme.

True

30

The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________.

elastic cartilage

31

Endocrine glands are often called ducted glands.

False

32

What are the three main components of connective tissue?

ground substance, fibers, and cells

33

Which of the following describes a holocrine gland?

Holocrine glands secrete their products by rupturing.

34

Which of the following is not a step in tissue repair?

Formation of new stem cells

35

Select the correct statement regarding epithelia.

Stratified squamous epithelia are present where protection from abrasion is important.

36

Which of the following increases the surface area of certain epithelial tissues?

microvilli

37

Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.

embryonic

38

________ is the tissue that regulates and controls body functions.

Nervous tissue

39

Chondroblasts ________.

within the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix

40

Simple cuboidal epithelia are usually found in areas where secretion and absorption occur.

True

41

Intercalated discs and striations are found in skeletal muscle.

False

42

Nervous tissue consists mainly of neurons and collagen fibers.

False

43

Which tissues have little to no functional regenerative capacity?

cardiac muscle and nervous tissue in the brain and spinal cord

44

Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue.

Its primary function is nutrient storage.

45

The simple columnar epithelium that form absorptive cells of the digestive tract have which characteristic?

dense microvilli

46

Exocrine glands ________.

secrete substances onto body surfaces

47

Which is true concerning muscle tissue?

highly cellular and well vascularized

48

Cartilage has good regenerative capacity, while most epithelial tissues do not.

False

49

Tendons and ligaments are composed mainly of dense irregular connective tissue.

False

50

Which type of membrane is a dry membrane exposed to the air?

cutaneous membrane

51

Which of the following statements is true of connective tissue?

Collagen fibers provides high tensile strength.

52

Which tissue repair process results in the formation of scar tissue?

fibrosis

53

Which tissue type is responsible for regulating and controlling body functions?

nervous tissue

54

Which of the following is NOT a role of connective tissue?

absorption

55

A major characteristic of fibrocartilage is its unique amount of flexibility and elasticity.

False

56

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

The cutaneous membrane is made of a simple columnar epithelium

57

Which of the following increases the surface area of certain epithelial tissues?

microvilli

58

Epithelial tissues always exhibit apica-basal polarity; meaning that cell regions near the apical surface differ from those near the basal surface.

True

59

Connective tissues ________.

primarily consist of extracellular matrix

60

Which of the following is not a step in tissue repair?

Formation of new stem cells

61

The correct order of events in tissue repair, from first to last, is ________.

inflammation, organization, and regeneration

62

Intercalated discs and striations are found in skeletal muscle.

False

63

Which type of gland produces hormones?

endocrine glands

64

Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.

embryonic

65

Nervous tissue consists mainly of neurons and collagen fibers.

False

66

In connective tissue, the role of collagen fibers is to ________.

provide tensile strength

67

Smooth muscle ________.

is under involuntary control

68

Which tissues have little to no functional regenerative capacity?

cardiac muscle and nervous tissue in the brain and spinal cord

69

The shock-absorbing pads between the vertebrae are formed of fibrocartilage.

True

70

Which is the most atypical connective tissue since it does not connect things or provide structural support?

blood

71

What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels?

osseous tissue

72

Which statement best describes connective tissue?

usually contains a large amount of matrix

73

Squamous cells are flattened and scalelike when mature.

True

74

Injured cartilage might heal more quickly if a treatment were discovered that would __________.

stimulate blood vessels to develop within cartilage

75

Groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a common or related function form a(n) ________.

tissue


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