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Psychotherapy Chapter 5 - Adlerian Therapy

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1

Adler taught that we must successfully master three universal life tasks. Which of the following is not one of these tasks?​

a. B​uilding friendships
b. E​stablishing intimacy
c. C​ontributing to society
d. E​nhancing wellness

d

2

__________ is often described as our perceptions regarding self, others, and the world, and includes the connecting themes and rules of interaction that give meaning to our actions. ​

a. S​triving for significance and superiority
b. F​ictional finalism
c. L​ifestyle
d. H​olistic concept

c

3

Which of the statements below about social interest is true?​

a. ​While Adler considered social interest to be innate, he also believed that it must be learned, developed, and used.
b. ​Adler believed most people to be incapable of developing social interest even though it was something to which they should aspire.
c. ​In his later years, Adler recanted his beliefs about social interest and focused on addressing unconscious dynamics as the key to mental health.
d. ​The concept of social interest was originally introduced by Freud, and Adler incorporated it into his theory.

a

4

Dr. Jones told Emily that her efforts to overcome her fear of test taking at school will most likely lead her to outperform all of her classmates one day. This intervention was:​

a. ​appropriate because it was intended to bolster Emily’s self­esteem and academic self­-concept.
b. ​inappropriate because Dr. Jones was confusing Adler's notion of superiority with the idea that her client would become superior over others.
c. ​not only unethical, it was illegal.
d. ​inappropriate because Emily will never be able to outperform her classmates.

b

5

The purpose of examining a client's family constellation is to:

a. ​ get a picture of the individual's early social world.
b. ​ bring unconscious factors to the surface.
c. ​ discover hereditary aspects of the client's behavior.
d. ​ determine who else in the family needs help.

a

6

The social interest and community feeling refer to: ​

a. ​ an individual’s attitude in dealing with their past.
b. ​ a sense of identification with others without empathy.
c. ​ individuals’ striving for a better future for only themself.
d. ​ individuals’ awareness of being part of the human community and to individuals’ attitudes in dealing with the social world.

d

7

The statement “Only when I am perfect can I be secure” is an example of:​

a. ​a guiding self-ideal.
b. ​something a personality disordered individual would say.
c. ​a realistic goal.
d. ​retroflection.

a

8

All of the following are stages in Adlerian counseling except:​

a. r​eorientation.
b. i​nsight.
c. e​stablishing a therapeutic relationship.
d. a​nalysis of resistance.

d

9

The process of encouragement in Adlerian counseling includes all of the following except:

a. ​ helping clients focus on their resources and strengths.
b. ​ helping clients become aware of their assets and strengths rather than dealing continually with their deficits and liabilities.
c. ​ helping clients recognize or accept their positive qualities.
d. ​ helping clients understand their liabilities and weaknesses and process them in detail.

d

10

An Adlerian therapist asks for the client’s earliest recollections in order to: ​

a. ​ provide a point of departure for the therapeutic venture.
b. ​ reveal their past and reintroduce the client to the pain and heartbreak of their basic mistakes.
c. ​ give clues as to the best way to steer the client to develop in a more positive way.
d. ​ gain a better understanding of what memories to not process during therapy.

a

11

According to Adlerians, inferiority feelings: ​

a. ​ are pathological.
b. ​ lead to depression.
c. ​ keep us from achieving our life goals.
d. ​ create motivation to achieve mastery.

d

12

Dr. Kane pointed out to her client John that his feelings of inadequacy at work seem reminiscent of the feelings he experienced in his family of origin. It is probable that Dr. Kane was:​

a. ​crossing theoretical boundaries by referring to John's past.
b. ​looking for continuity by paying attention to themes running through John's life.
c. ​trying to get John to tap into the unconscious realm by having him explore painful memories related to his family of origin.
d. hoping her intervention would promote transference, which could then be worked through.

b

13

Adlerians view the use of techniques in counseling as:

a. ​ geared to the phase of therapy and the needs of the client.
b. ​ more important than paying attention to the subjective experiences of the client.
c. ​ against their basic philosophy.
d. ​ unethical.

a

14

Which of the following techniques is not used in Adlerian family counseling? ​

a. I​mmediacy
b. P​aradoxical intention
c. ​Analyzing resistances between members of the family
d. ​The push-button technique

c

15

Adlerian therapy has a phenomenological orientation. Thus, the therapist attempts to view the world from:

a. ​ an objective frame of reference.
b. ​ his or her own subjective frame of reference.
c. ​ the client's frame of reference.
d. ​ the frame of reference of a particular theory.

c

16

Which of the following statements is not true about Alfred Adler? ​

a. ​He created child guidance clinics.
b. ​His early childhood was happy.
c. He worked with Freud for at least eight years.
d. He had much to say about child-rearing practices.

b

17

When Adler spoke of individuality, he referred to the unique way we:​

a. ​ rewrite our own life script.
b. ​ deal with the crises of our development.
c. ​ confront our unfinished business.
d. ​ develop our own style of striving for competence.

d

18

“Fictional finalism” is an Adlerian term meaning:

a. ​ the unrealistic ideas that we have about the way life should be.
b. ​ our strict adherence to certain beliefs that are not based on reality.
c. ​ an imagined central goal that guides our behavior.
d. ​ our stubborn resistance to change.

c

19

In helping clients to examine their mistaken goals and faulty assumptions, an Adlerian therapist does not use:​

a. ​ encouragement.
b. ​ challenge and confrontation.
c. ​ open-ended interpretations.
d. ​ interpretation of the transference relationship.

d

20

Which of the following aspects is not assessed when exploring a client’s family constellation?​

a. ​ Birth order
b. ​ Interactions between siblings and parents
c. ​ The relationship between the parents and the pediatrician
d. ​ The child’s psychological position in the family

c

21

Which of the following is not true about the Adlerian concept of “private logic”?​

a. ​ It is a result of the feelings and emotions we experience in our daily lives.
b. ​ It provides a central psychological unity for us.
c. ​ It is the philosophy upon which we base our lifestyle.
d. ​ It often does not conform to the reality of social living.

a

22

Adler chose the name ___________________for his theoretical approach because it is based on a growth model. ​

a. ​ Individual Psychology
b. ​ Community Psychology
c. ​ Ego Psychology
d. ​ Id Psychology

a

23

Which of these statements is not true about Alfred Adler?​

a. ​Along with Freud and Jung, Alfred Adler was a major contributor to the initial development of the psychodynamic approach to therapy.
b. After resigning as president of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society, Adler founded the Society for Individual Psychology.
c. ​Alfred Adler has been criticized by intellectuals for failing to give his brother Edmund due credit for helping him develop his theory.
d. ​Adler stresses the unity of personality, contending that people can only be understood as integrated and complete beings.

c

24

Adler pioneered the practice of teaching professionals through live demonstrations with parents and children before large audiences. This is now called:​

a. ​ “open­forum” family counseling.
b. ​ spectator therapy.
c. ​ “on stage” family therapy.
d. ​ “hot seat” family counseling.

a

25

One contribution of Adlerian therapy is that: ​

a. ​ practitioners are given a great deal of freedom in working with their clients.
b. ​ it offers a well-defined theory of personality.
c. ​ many of its concepts have been supported by research.
d. ​ it is a common-sense psychology.

a

26

Who is primarily credited with popularizing and extending Adler’s work by applying Adlerian principles to group work? ​

a. ​ Don Dinkmeyer
b. ​ Erik Erikson
c. ​ H. L. Ansbacher
d. ​ Rudolph Dreikurs

d

27

Which of the following did Adler not stress?​

a. ​ The unity of personality
b. ​ Focus on early childhood experiences as determinants of later personality functioning
c. ​ Behavior is purposeful and goal-oriented
d. ​ A unique style of life that is an expression of life goals

b

28

Which child is most likely to demand center stage, tends to have difficulties in life when he or she is no longer the center of attention, and is likely to become dependently tied to the mother? ​

a. O​ldest child
b. S​econd child
c. M​iddle child
d. O​nly child

d

29

Which child tends to feel squeezed out and may develop a conviction that life is unfair and a feeling of being cheated​

a. O​ldest child
b. S​econd child
c. M​iddle child
d. Y​oungest child

c

30

All of the following are life tasks that Adler taught we must successfully master except: ​

a. ​ building friendships.
b. ​ establishing intimacy.
c. ​ contributing to society.
d. ​ achieving self-actualization.

d

31

The client’s core experience in Adlerian therapy consists of:

a. ​ working through the transference relationship.
b. ​ discovering their basic mistakes and then learning how to correct them.
c. ​ understanding how their relationship with their parents has shaped their personality.
d. ​ understanding how their birth order has determined the person who they are today.

b

32

Which of the following would an Adlerian therapist particularly value?​

a. ​ Interpretation of dreams
b. ​ Confronting the ways the client is living dependently since early childhood
c. ​ Modeling of communication and acting in good faith
d. ​ Helping the client to work through the transference neurosis

c

33

The premise of Adlerian group work is that: ​

a. ​ clients' problems are usually of a social nature.
b. ​ early childhood disturbances are at the root of the client's current problems.
c. ​ individuals are encouraged to become fully independent.
d. ​ insight, not action, is needed for change.

a

34

Adlerian therapists strive to establish and maintain:​

a. ​ an egalitarian therapeutic alliance and a person-to-person relationship with their clients.
b. ​ a legalistic therapeutic alliance and a person-to-person relationship with their clients.
c. ​ an egalitarian therapeutic alliance without a person-to-person relationship with their clients.
d. ​ a legalistic therapeutic alliance without a person-to-person relationship with their clients.

a

35

The Adlerian approach is well suited to multicultural counseling because the: ​

a. ​ approach encourages clients to define themselves within their social context.
b. ​ approach has few rigid techniques.
c. ​ focus on early recollections allows clients to explore their past.
d. ​ focus on a lifestyle assessment is appealing to most cultures.

a

36

The __________ sets forth the goals of the therapeutic process and specifies the responsibilities of both therapist and client.​

a. e​arly recollections
b. p​rivate logic
c. t​herapeutic contract
d. t​herapeutic goal

c

37

Adlerian psychology is a __________, holistic, optimistic, and socially embedded theory based on basic assumptions that have woven into various theories of counseling.​

a. r​ational
b. p​henomenological
c. s​pecific
d. c​onstructive

b

38

All of the following are characteristics that form the basis for an integrative framework in brief therapy except:​

a. t​ime limitation.
b. f​ocus.
c. t​he assignment of behavioral tasks.
d. c​ounselor indirectiveness.

d

39

Individuals may believe that it is inappropriate to reveal:​

a. f​amily information.
b. p​ersonal information.
c. ​societal secrets.
d. c​ultural beliefs.

a

40

During the reorientation and reeducation phase the most important intervention is:​

a. c​hange.
b. e​ncouragement.
c. m​aking a difference.
d. t​he push­button technique.

b

41

true or false

Alfred Adler believed that genetics and heredity are not as important as what we choose to do with the abilities and limitations we possess.​

true

42

true or false

Adlerians have a teleological view of human nature.​

true

43

true or false

Adler and Freud created very different theories, even though both men grew up in the same city in the same era and were educated as physicians at the same university.​

true

44

true or false

Adlerian therapists pay careful focus to techniques and work in structured, set ways.​

false

45

true or false

Adler maintained that individuals attempt to overcome feelings of basic inferiority by developing a lifestyle in which success is possible.​

true

46

true or false

In Adler’s view we can be fully understood only in light of knowing the purposes and goals toward which we are striving.

true

47

true or false

Adlerians maintain that change is not possible without insight; understanding the causes of one’s problems is a prerequisite to behavioral change.​

false

48

true or false

Adlerian counseling focuses on the family constellation and the influence of the family on the individual.​

true

49

true or false

Encouragement is a part of the Adlerian counseling process.​

true

50

true or false

Adlerians typically do not use techniques of interpretation, for they believe that clients can make their own interpretations without therapist intervention.

false

51

true or false

From the Adlerian perspective, objective reality is more important than how we interpret reality and the meanings we attach to what we experience. ​

false

52

true or false

Adlerians emphasize reeducating people and reshaping society.​

true

53

true or false

For Adlerian counselors, techniques are helpful when adapted to the needs of the client.​

true

54

true or false

By discussing a client’s earliest recollections, an Adlerian counselor hopes to bring unconscious conflicts to the surface.​

false

55

true or false

Adler stressed that our desire to strive for perfection is learned from our parents.​

false

56

true or false

One Adlerian concept is that everything we do is influenced by our style of life.​

true

57

true or false

“Fictional finalism” is a term that Adlerians use to describe our attitude in dealing with the social world.​

false

58

true or false

Clients are viewed by Adlerian therapists as “sick” and in need of a cure.​

false

59

true or false

The concept of lifestyle refers to an individual’s core beliefs and assumptions through which the person organizes his or her reality and finds meaning in life events.​

true

60

true or false

Adlerians maintain that the priorities we choose arise from our personality strengths.​

false

61

true or false

Adlerian views of birth order and family constellation are highly relevant to individuals from all cultural contexts.​

false

62

true or false

Research supporting the effectiveness of the Adlerian approach is limited.​

true

63

true or false

The Adlerian approach has a wide variety of applications including group and family therapy.​

true

64

true or false

The Adlerian approach to family counseling focuses on the family atmosphere.​

true

65

true or false

Adlerian therapists use a psychoeducational approach.​

true

66

true or false

It is easy to overestimate the contributions of Adler to contemporary therapeutic practice.​

false

67

true or false

Adlerian psychology is a phenomenological, holistic, optimistic, and socially embedded theory based on basic assumptions that have been woven into various theories of counseling.​

true

68

true or false

The typical second child behaves as if she was in a race and is generally under full steam at all times.​

true

69

true or false

Adlerian therapists realize that clients do not become discouraged and function effectively because of mistaken beliefs, faulty values, and useless or self-absorbed goals.​

false

70

true or false

Adlerian therapists strive to establish and maintain an egalitarian therapeutic alliance and a person-to-person relationship with their clients.​

true


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