Cancel
© 2016 pictureone.ru
card-image
camera

Exercise 11: The Appendicular Skeleton

Set Details Share
Helpfulness: +30
created 6 years ago by jncanf
190,460 views

pg. 157 - pg. 163

updated 6 years ago by jncanf

Grade levels:
College: First year, College: Second year, College: Third year, College: Fourth year, Graduate school, Professional

show more
1

deltoid tuberosity

raised area on lateral surface of humerus to which deltoid muscle attaches

2

humerus

arm bone

3

scapula, clavicle

bones of the shoulder girdle

4

radius, ulna

forearm bones

5

acromion

scapular region to which the clavicle connects

6

scapula

shoulder girdle bone that is unattached to the axial skeleton

7

clavicle

shoulder girdle bone that articulates with and transmits forces to the bony thorax

8

glenoid cavity

depression in the scapula that articulates with the humerous

9

coracoid process

process above the glenoid cavity that permits muscle attachment

10

clavicle

the "collarbone"

11

trochlea

distal condyle of the humerus that articulates with the ulna

12

ulna

medial bone of forearm in anatomical position

13

capitulium

rounded knob on the humerus; adjoins the radius

14

coronoid fossa

anteriar depression, superior to the trochlea, which receives part of the ulna when the forearm is flexed

15

ulna

forearm bone involved in formation of the elbow joint

16

carpals

wrist bones

17

phalanges

finger bones

18

metacarpals

heads of these bones form the knuckles

19

scapula, sternum

bones that articulate with the clavicle

20

How is the arm held clear of the widest dimension of the thoracic cage?

Clavicle serves as an anterior base or strut to hold the arm away from the top of the thorax

21

What is the total number of phalanges in the hand?

14

22

What is the total number of carpals in the wrist?

8

23

Name the carpals (medial to lateral) in the proximal row.

pisiform-triquetral-lunate-scaphoid

24

In the distal row, they are (medial to lateral)

trapezium-trapezoid-capitate-hamate

25
card image
card image
26
card image
card image
27
card image
card image
28
card image
card image
29
card image
card image
30
card image
card image
31

The humerus is a (right/left) bone in (an anterior/a posterior) view.

right; Posterior

32

The radius and ulna are (right/left) bones in (an anterior/a posterior) view.

left; Anterior

33

Pectoral

flexibility most important; lightweight; insecure axaial and limb attachments

34

Pelvic

massive; secure axail and limb attachments; weight-bearing most important

35

What organs are protected, at least in part, by the pelvic girdle?

Uterus, bladdar, rectum, small intestine, and reproductive organs

36

What is the difference between the true pelvis and the false pelvis?

The true pelvis is small bowl-like shape containing the unrinary bladder and sexual organs. The false pelvis is the area been the alla or wings of the pelvis. This is a much larger area and contains some of the abdominal organs like part of the small intestine and part of the colon.

37
card image

This is a (female/male) pelvis because?

card image

Female; It is adapted for childbearing, defines birth canal, Farther apart then a males, the sacrum is wider, shorter and less curved then a males. The pelvic inlet (brim) is wider; oval from side to side.

38

Deduce why the pelvis bones of a four-legged animal such as a cat or pig are less massive than those of the human.

The pelvic bones of a two-legged animal such as a human have to carry his whole weight, divided by two. A four-legged animal such as a pig divides its weight over four legs, so each leg and each pelvic bone has to bear only a fourth of the animal's weight. As the strain on the bones is a half than in the two-legged case, the bones can be less massive.

39

A person instinctively curls over his abdominal area in times of danger. Why?

To prevent a smaller target and also to protect the internal organs and genitalia.

40

For what anatomical reason do many women appear to be slightly knock-kneed?

Biologically, women have wider pelvises than men. The angle of their hips turn the legs slightly inward, making some to actually touch at the knees.

41

How might this anatomical arrangement contribute to knee injuries in female athletes?

they can be more prone to knee related injuries, such as ACL tears due to high intensity straight knee landing or impact since the knee is already in a weak position.

42

What does fallen arches mean?

It mean flat feet or flat footed

43

illium, ischium, pubis

fuse to form the coxal bone

44

ischium

"sit-down" bone of the coxal bone

45

pubic symphysis

point where the coxal bones join anteriorly

46

iliac crest

superiormost margin of the coxal bone

47

acetabulum

deep socket in the coxal bone that receives the head of the thigh bone

48

sacroiliac joint

joint between axaial skeleton and pelvic girdle

49

femur

longest, strongest bone in the body

50

fibula

thin lateral leg bone

51

tibia

heavy medial leg bone

52

femur, tibia, patella

bones forming knee joint

53

tibial tuberosity

point where the patellar ligament attaches

54

patella

kneecap

55

tibia

shinbone

56

medial malleolus

medial ankle projection

57

lateral malleolus

lateral ankle projection

58

calcaneus

largest tarsal bone

59

tarsals

ankle bones

60

metatarsals

bones forming the instep of the foot

61

obturator foramen

opening in hip bone formed by the pubic and ischial rami

62

gluteal tuberosity, greater and lesser trochanters

sites of muscle attachment on the proximal femur

63

talus

tarsal bone that "sits" on the calcaneus

64

tibia

weight-bearing bone of the leg

65

talus

tarsal bone that articulates with the tibia

66
card image
card image
67
card image
card image
68
card image
card image
69
card image
card image
70

The femur is a (right/left) bone in (an anterior/a posterior) view.

right; posterior

71

The tibia and fibula are (right/left) bones in (an anterior/a posterior) view.

right; anterior

72
card image
card image
73
card image
card image
74
card image
card image
75
card image
card image

Related pages


larynx function and structurereflex definewhich statement is true of dna polymeraseanatomy and physiology endocrine system study guidehow many protons does hydrogen havesemilunar notchtypes of proprioceptorsamino acids quiztortora microbiologyspore producing structuresdiaphragm lever microscope functionwhat secrets bilewhat is the action of the brachioradialis muscleabdominal organs diagramsomatic arousalcovering epithelial tissueacid base balance and imbalanceneurons stimulate muscles to contractthe formed elements of the blood includesterilize mattressdefinition of semilunar valvesthe knee jerk reflex is an example of aasl flash cardsname the four nucleotide bases present in trnarem sleep is associated with ________anatomy and physiology textbookbiology campbell and reecethoracic cavity function and structuremitosis promoting factorthe process of hemostasisthe term aponeurosis refers toaseptic technique refers tomendel's law of independent assortmentactivity intolerance nursing care plancircumduction exampleabnormal urine phquiz on bones of the skulltroponin in smooth muscleposterior pituitary secretestwo major anatomical parts of the immune systemgreek or latin prefixeswhat organs make up the peripheral nervous systemwhat connects the left and right cerebral hemisphereswhich of the following statements regarding enzymes is truewhat are peristaltic wavesactin myosin diagramap biology test bank campbell 8th editionwhich contains elements with similar properties in the periodic tableclassification of cartilagebony landmarks abdominopelvic cavityhuman anatomy and physiology 10th editionprotein synthesis in ribosomeswhat is electrogenic pumprighting reactions in infantsan example of a synovial joint would be theformulas for 3d shapes volume and surface areadescribe the tundraselect the correct statement about cardiac outputdeep brachial arteryloose connective tissue cellsnon adjacent interior anglestropical grassland climate graphtranslation in ribosomewhat is the difference between ostia and osculumultrastructure of mitochondriawhich of the following best describes the process of eluviationinadequate secretion of adhwhich of the following is true of kinetochoreswhich of the following is false concerning calciumciliary zonule