Canada: Units 8-9 Study Guide
Which oceans border Canada?
Atlantic, Arctic, Pacific
Describe the Canadian Shield. Why is it important?
It is a horseshoe region of thin soil with minerals underneath; provides jobs for mining
What is the importance of the St. Lawrence River/Seaway?
It provides easy access from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean for trade
Name the 5 Great Lakes.
Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior (HOMES)
Canada ranks ________ in land area in the world.
Describe Canada's population.
The population is small compared to Canada's land area
Where do most Canadians live and why?
Within 100 miles of US border because the climate is mild
Describe the climate of the northern 1/3 of Canada.
Which of Canada's climate regions is best for farming?
List 3 of Canada's important natural resources.
Water, timber, fossil fuels
Why is it good that Canada has lots of natural gas and oil?
It can supply its own energy needs and doesn't have to depend on other countries
What causes some Canadians to live in remote areas?
The natural resources are there, which may provide jobs
The people that farm or mine usually live in ________.
Small rural communities
Why is timber so important to Canada's economy?
Canada has a surplus to trade
How is Canada able to produce more than enough food with only 5% arable land?
Canada is very large, so 5% arable land is a quite a lot of land
Canada is bilingual; what does that mean?
Canada has two official languages
What is the most common religion found in Quebec?
What are the two official languages of Canada?
English and French
Which language is most commonly spoken and why?
English because Great Britain ruled Canada for most of its period of settlement and expansion
When did Canada gain its independence from the United Kingdom?
What did the British North America Act of 1867 allow Canada to do?
Canada could have its own parliament and laws
What were Canadians opposed to after WWI?
The use of Canadian soldiers in the army of the United Kingdom
What is one way the French Canadians protect their culture?
French is the official language of Quebec
Explain Quebec's independence movement.
The people of Quebec are afraid their French culture will diminsh, so their goal is to become an independent country
What is a Quebecois?
A citizen of Quebec
What is the British monarch's role in the Canadian government?
Is the head of state
How is political power distributed in Canada?
What type of government exists in Canada?
Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
What role do Canadian citizens play in the Canadian government?
Citizens can vote for representatives for the House of Commons
What role does the United States play in Canada's acid rain problem?
The majority of Canada's pollution comes from the U.S. by wind streams that carry them over
What is the cause of Canada's acid rain problem?
Coal-burning power plants
What substances mix together to produce acid rain?
Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide mix with rain
What are the affects of acid rain?
It can kill plants, animals, and erode statues
What is SO2? What produces most of it in Canada? What is its greatest source in the US?
Sulfur dioxide; industrial sources, electric utilities, fuel combustation; electric utilities
What country is working with Canada to clean up the Great Lakes? Why?
The U.S. because they share the Great Lakes with Canada
Who would most likely be against the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement?
Factory owners in the area of the lakes
What was the goal of the first Canadian-American plan?
To reduce the phosphorus chemical
Where in Canada are the most valuable minerals found? Why is it important to Canada's economy?
Canadian Shield; it provides jobs
What is a benefit of mining in Canada?
Over 1.5 million people work in the mining industry and Canada has a surplus to trade
How much of Canada is forest?
What problem occurs because of clear-cutting?
Wildlife loses large areas of habitat
How are forest protected in Canada?
Seeds and seedlings are planted by the government
What type of economic system does Canada have?
What is the main purpose of NAFTA?
To increase trade by creating a large free-trade zone
What is one reason for people to exchange currency?
To buy goods and services in another country
Which North American country has the most economic freedom?
What is credit?
The ability to borrow money
When is the best time to borrow money?
When the interest rate is low
What condition causes people to use less credit?
Interest rates are high
What is an advantage of a savings account over a checking account?
Savings accounts pay a higher rate of interest