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Radiographic Procedures I Chapter 3 101-201

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created 3 years ago by QWERTY
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1

The small, rounded, elevated process on a bone is called a(n):

malleolus

tubercle

epicondyle

protuberance

tubercle

2

The part of the bone where muscles, tendons, or ligaments are attached is called:

a foramina

the meatus

the fossa

a tuberosity

a tuberosity

3

Which of the following systems of the human body includes all ductless glands of the body?

Endocrine

Integumentary

Muscular

Glandular

Endocrine

4

The term view describes the radiographic image as seen from the vantage of the x-ray tube.

True

False

False

5

All of the following are located in the thoracic cavity, except:

trachea

spleen

lungs

esophagus

spleen

6

Movement of a part toward the central axis of the body is termed:

abduction

adduction

medial rotation

lateral rotation

adduction

7

The extremely slender body habitus is termed:

asthenic.

hypersthenic.

sthenic.

hyposthenic.

asthenic

8

Which of the following positions is often used to insert a rectal enema tip prior to a barium enema study?

Fowler’s

Modified Sim’s

Lithotomy

Trendelenburg

Modified Sim’s

9

According to the ARRT Code of Ethics, radiologic technologists must participate in continuing education activities throughout their professional career.

True

False

True

10

Which of the following terms are used to describe x-ray "projections"?
(1) AP oblique
(2) transthoracic
(3) lateromedial

1 and 2

1 and 3

2 and 3

1, 2, and 3

1, 2, and 3

11
card image

The body position in the illustration above is:

prone

Fowler's

Trendelenburg's

anteroposterior

Fowler's

12

What is the name of the small oval-shaped bone found in tendons?

Wormian

Tendinous

Irregular bones

Sesamoid bones

Sesamoid bones

13

The vertebra prominens is located at the level of the:

L2-L3

L4-L5

C3-C4

C7-T1

C7-T1

14

T9 and T10 are located at the level of the:

sternal angle

xiphoid process

jugular notch

vertebra prominens

xiphoid process

15

Which of the following planes divides the body into superior or inferior portions?

horizontal

oblique

midsagittal

midcoronal

horizontal

16

The red marrow within bones produces:
(1) adipose cells
(2) red blood cells
(3) white blood cells

1 and 2

1 and 3

2 and 3

1, 2, and 3

2 and 3

17

Which system of the human body is responsible for the elimination of solid waste?

Circulatory

Respiratory

Urinary

Digestive

Digestive

18

Study of the bones of the body is known as:

physiology

radiology

osteology

orthopedics

osteology

19

Some synovial joints contain synovial fluid–filled sacs outside the main joint cavity called:

bursae

menisci

ligaments

fibrous capsules

bursae

20

When viewing a CT or MRI image, the patient’s right is facing the viewer’s left.

True

False

False

21

The appendicular skeleton allows the body to move in various positions. How many bones does it contain?

14

80

126

206

126

22

A patient is lying on her back facing the x-ray tube. The right side of her body is turned 20 degrees toward the image receptor. What is this radiographic position?

LPO

RPO

RAO

LAO

RPO

23

The radiographer may provide a preliminary interpretation of the radiographic study if requested by the patient.

True

False

False

24

The stomach is positioned the highest in which type of body habitus?

sthenic

asthenic

hyposthenic

hypersthenic

hypersthenic

25

Which of the following bony landmarks corresponds with the spinous process of the seventh cervical vertebrae (C7)?

Jugular notch

Sternal angle

Vertebra prominens

Xiphoid process

Vertebra prominens

26

What is the primary center for bone growth termed?

Epiphyses

Diaphysis

Metaphysis

Epiphyseal plate

Diaphysis

27

Which of the following terms are used to describe "body positions"?
(1) upright
(2) axial
(3) prone

1 and 2

1 and 3

2 and 3

1, 2, and 3

1 and 3

28

The lungs will be a moderate length in which body habitus?

sthenic

asthenic

hyposthenic

hypersthenic

sthenic

29

Which bone classification is defined as those that develop in or near tendons?

sesamoid

irregular

short

flat

sesamoid

30

Which bone possesses the greater trochanter landmark?

Femur

Lumbar spine

Pelvis

Sternum

Femur

31

The tissue lining the medullary cavity of bones is called the:

endosteum

periosteum

trabeculae

compact bone

endosteum

32

A PBL collimator refers to:

positive-beam limiting.

power-beam limiting.

patient-based lifesaving.

penumbra-biased limiting.

positive-beam limiting.

33

The syndesmosis, suture, and gomphosis joints belong to which structural joint group?

hinge joints

fibrous joints

synovial joints

cartilaginous joints

fibrous joints

34

Approximately what percentage of the population has a sthenic body habitus?

5%

10%

35%

50%

50%

35

Which of the following terms are used to described x-ray "projections"?
(1) AP
(2) PA axial
(3) supine

1 and 2

1 and 3

2 and 3

1, 2, and 3

1 and 2

36

The patient’s head and neck are hyperextend with the top of the skull directly against the image receptor. The central ray enters just below the chin. Which specific projection has been performed?

Submentovertical

Acanthioparietal

Parietoacanthial

Verticosubmental

Submentovertical

37
card image

The patient in the figure above is placed in which of the following positions?

left lateral decubitus

right lateral decubitus

dorsal decubitus

ventral decubitus

dorsal decubitus

38

Which term describes lying down in any position?

Horizontal

Fowler’s

Recumbent

Anatomic

Recumbent

39

The patient is lying on her right side on a cart. The anterior surface of the patient is against the image receptor. A horizontal central ray enters the posterior surface and exits the anterior surface of the body. What specific projection/position has been performed?

AP

PA

Right lateral decubitus

Left lateral decubitus

Right lateral decubitus

40

In the "anatomic position," the palms of the hands are facing:

backward

forward

up

down

forward

41

Which of the following bones is classified as a short bone?

Vertebrae

Phalanges (toes)

Scapulae

Carpal (wrist bones)

Carpal (wrist bones)

42
card image

The body plane indicated in the figure above is:

sagittal

coronal

midsagittal

midcoronal

midcoronal

43
card image

The body position depicted below results in which x-ray projection?

PA oblique

AP oblique

recumbent

mediolateral

PA oblique

44

When a fractured bone is shattered into many pieces, it is called:

spiral

transverse

compression

comminuted

comminuted

45

Near the age of 21, full ossification occurs between the ends and the central shaft of long bones. The moderately visible area where the bones join is called the:

epiphyseal line

epiphyseal plate

primary center of ossification

secondary center of ossification

epiphyseal line

46

Which of the following is a secondary growth center for endochondral ossification?

Diaphysis

Epiphyses

Shaft of long bones

Articular cartilage

Epiphyses

47

It is legally acceptable to write “right or left” on a radiograph if the anatomic side marker is not visible.

True

False

False

48

The piece of cartilage that separates the end of a developing long bone from the central shaft is called the:

diaphysis

epiphysis

epiphyseal line

epiphyseal plate

epiphyseal plate

49

A term that means the same as anterior is:

plantar

distal

dorsal

ventral

ventral

50
card image

The patient in the figure above is placed in which of the following positions?

RPO

LPO

RAO

LAO

LAO

51
card image

Which of the following body habitus is shown in the figure above?

hypersthenic

hyposthenic

asthenic

atrophic

hypersthenic

52

An upright position with the arms abducted, palms forward, and head forward describes the:

anteroposterior position.

decubitus position.

anatomic position.

oblique position.

anatomic position.

53

Which of the following terms describes the sole of the foot?

Palmar

Dorsum

Volar

Plantar

Plantar

54
card image

The upper, center region on the illustration above is termed the:

umbilical

epigastrium

hypogastrium

hypochondrium

epigastrium

55
card image

The x-ray projection identified in the figure above is:

AP

PA

AP axial

AP oblique

AP axial

56

Bones are composed of an outer layer of compact bony tissue called the:

compact bone

periosteum

spongy tissue

medullary canal

compact bone

57

Bones provide which of the following:
(1) protection of internal organs
(2) production of red and white blood cells
(3) attachment for the skin and fat layers

1 and 2

1 and 3

2 and 3

1, 2, and 3

1 and 2

58

The jugular notch is located at the level of:

T2-T3

T4-T5

L2-L3

L4-L5

T2-T3

59

A patient is erect and leaning the shoulders backward 20 to 30 degrees toward the IR. The central ray is perpendicular to the IR. What specific position has been performed?

Lordotic

Axial

Kyphotic

Tangential

Lordotic

60
card image

The x-ray projection shown in the figure above is:

AP

PA

right lateral

right lateral decubitus

AP

61

Which structural joint group contains joints that are all freely movable?

hinge joints

fibrous joints

synovial joints

cartilaginous joints

synovial joints

62
card image

The external landmark indicated by the arrow in the figure above is the:

mastoid tip

vertebra prominens

gonion

transverse process

vertebra prominens

63

How many individual body systems comprise the human body?

22

13

10

8

10

64

A fracture that does not break through the skin is called a(n):

open fracture

closed fracture

displaced fracture

nondisplaced fracture

closed fracture

65

Tangential and axial projections are the same type of projection.

True

False

False

66
card image

The portion of the abdominal cavity labeled as B above is the:

right upper quadrant

left upper quadrant

left upper quadrant

left lower quadrant

right upper quadrant

67

A patient is lying on her back. The x-ray tube is horizontally directed with the CR entering the right side of the body. The image receptor is adjacent to the left side of the body. What is the radiographic position?

Left lateral decubitus

Left lateral

Right lateral decubitus

Dorsal decubitus

Dorsal decubitus

68

Which of the following lie in the pelvic cavity?
(1) kidneys
(2) rectum
(3) urinary bladder

1 and 2

1 and 3

2 and 3

1, 2, and 3

2 and 3

69

How many specific types of joints are contained within the structural classification of joints?

3

4

6

11

11

70

The iliac crest corresponds to the level of:

L3-4 interspace.

L4-5 interspace.

L5-S1 joint.

S1-2.

L4-5 interspace.

71

A serious fracture in which the broken bone or bones project through the skin is called a(n):

open fracture

closed fracture

displaced fracture

nondisplaced fracture

open fracture

72

A hole in a bone for transmission of blood vessels and nerves is called a:

groove

foramen

fissure

facet

foramen

73

For which type of body habitus will the diaphragm be very high?

sthenic

asthenic

hyposthenic

hypersthenic

hypersthenic

74
card image

The lower, center region on the illustration in the figure above is termed the:

epigastrium

lumbar

inguinal

hypogastrium

hypogastrium

75
card image

The area of the bone indicated on the figure above is the:

periosteum

endosteum

compact bone

epiphyseal line

epiphyseal line

76

Which specific type of joint only permits flexion and extension?

hinge

gliding

pivot

saddle

hinge

77

Reference toward the head of the body is termed:

external

proximal

caudad

cephalad

cephalad

78

Which term describes the back or posterior aspect of the hand?

Dorsum pedis

Dorsum manus

Palmar

Volar

Dorsum manus

79

A position in which the head is lower than the feet is:

Trendelenburg.

lithotomy.

Fowler’s.

recumbent.

Trendelenburg

80

What type of projection is created with the CR directed along the long axis of the body?

Axial

Tangential

Lordotic

Transthoracic

Axial

81

How many saddle joints are there in the body?

1

2

3

4

1

82
card image

The bone shown in the illustration above is an example of a(n):

long bone

short bone

irregular bone

sesamoid bone

irregular bone

83

What is the name of the tough, fibrous tissue that covers all bony surfaces?

endosteum

periosteum

compact bone

spongy bone

periosteum

84

Which specific type of joint allows multiaxial movement?

pivot

gliding

ellipsoid

ball and socket

ball and socket

85

The vertebrae located at approximately the same level as the xiphoid process is:

C7-T1

T1-T2

T9-T10

L2-L3

T9-T10

86
card image

The portion of the abdominal cavity labeled as C above is the:

right upper quadrant

left upper quadrant

left upper quadrant

left lower quadrant

left upper quadrant

87

Rotation of the arm toward the midline of the body from the anatomical position is termed:

pronation

supination

lateral rotation

medial rotation

medial rotation

88

Which of the following bones is part of the axial skeleton?

Radius

Hip bone

Clavicle

Sternum

Sternum

89

Which of the following terms is plural?

calculi

labium

vertebra

bronchus

calculi

90

Movement or positioning of the hand toward the radius or ulna is termed:

abduction

eversion

supination

deviation

deviation

91

Which of the following is an x-ray "projection"?

RPO

LAO

dorsoplantar

recumbent

dorsoplantar

92
card image

The body plane indicated in the figure above is:

midcoronal

midsagittal

horizontal

transverse

midsagittal

93

What is the final step taken before making the exposure during a positioning routine?

Image receptor centering

Placing anatomic markers on cassette

Ensuring correct gonadal shield placement

Collimation adjustments

Ensuring correct gonadal shield placement

94

A plane passing through the body parallel with the midsagittal plane is termed:

coronal

sagittal

axial

oblique

sagittal

95

PA or AP oblique projections are placed on the view box with the patient’s right side of the body facing the viewer’s right.

True

False

False

96

The term used to describe the act of placing the patient in the appropriate position for a radiographic examination is:

supine

recumbent

projection

position

position

97

When the hand is turned toward the radial side, it is termed:

radial deviation

ulnar deviation

abduction

adduction

radial deviation

98

Some synovial joints contain a thick cushioning pad of fibrocartilage called the:

bursae

meniscus

cartilage

fibrous capsule

meniscus

99

When there is longitudinal angulation of the central ray with the long axis of the body, the projection will always use the term:

oblique

axial

lateral

decubitus

axial

100

How many bones are there in the adult axial skeleton?

206

80

54

126

80

101

Which aspect of long bones is responsible for the production of red blood cells?

Compact bone

Periosteum

Medullary cavity

Spongy or cancellous bone

Spongy or cancellous bone


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