Anatomy and Physiology 2 chapter 23 Digestive system
College: First year
Which major process involves the elimination of indigestible substances from the body via the anus?
Which layer of the alimentary canal is constructed from either stratified squamous or simple columnar epithelium?
Which layer of the alimentary canal is responsible for segmentation and peristalsis?
Which layer of the alimentary canal contains the nerve supply of the enteric neurons that regulate digestive system activity?
In a patient suffering from untreated infection-induced peritonitis, an infection in the visceral peritoneum immediately ______.
In cystic fibrosis, blockage of the pancreatic duct by thick mucus will prevent the flow of pancreatic juice into the duodenum; this will directly cause ______.
When a baby ingests breast milk, the milk's IgA antibodies may be absorbed into the baby's bloodstream because ______.
Which part of the digestive system is the major location for absorption of the end products of digestion?
The __________ circulation includes all of the major abdominal arteries that serve the digestive organs.
The capillaries that nourish the epithelium and absorb digested nutrients lie in the ________.
One of the direct consequences of lactose intolerance is ______.
Which enzymes are responsible for the final chemical breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids?
Which of the following propels food residue over large areas of the colon three to four times a day?
What is the function of the bacterial flora that inhabit the large intestine?
An effective way to medically treat diarrhea would be to use a drug that ______.
The appendix contains masses of lymphoid tissue and therefore has leukocytes capable of attacking bacteria present in the appendix. But during appendicitis, bacteria trapped in the lumen of the appendix are not effectively attacked because ______.
The formation of diverticula involves, most significantly, the ______.
What is the function of the soft palate?
Which of the following is NOT a function of saliva?
Which teeth are best suited for cutting or nipping off pieces of food in the permanent dentition?
A person with ankyloglossia would likely have difficulty pronouncing the word ______.
Hyposalivation can be treated with a drug that ______.
Impacted wisdom teeth is a problem that is never observed in children because ______.
After root canal therapy, a tooth may become infected again due to poor dental hygiene. The patient might not seek treatment for this newly infected tooth because ______.
Gastric juice does not typically cause a burning sensation within the stomach. But reflux of this gastric juice into the esophagus can cause a burning sensation. One reason why this occurs is that the esophagus ______.
Which of the following components of saliva helps convert food-derived nitrates into nitric oxide (NO)?
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the stomach?
The pharyngeal-esophageal phase of swallowing is involuntary and is controlled by the swallowing center in the thalamus and lower pons.
The mucosa collapses inward when the stomach is empty, forming large folds known as __________.
In a patient suffering from a gastric ulcer caused by Helicobacter pylori, the cells most likely to have been damaged first are the ______.
Before and during vomiting, the emetic center initiates motor responses that involve ______.
What structural modification of the small intestine slows the movement of chyme through the lumen?
Which cells of the small intestine secrete enterogastrones, such as secretin and cholecystokinin?
Which vessel delivers nutrient-rich blood to the liver from the digestive tract?
What is a major function of pancreatic juice?
What triggers the release of secretin from the small intestine?
Which of the following is NOT a structural modification of the small intestine to increase surface area?